45°30’12.7″N 73°34’30.2″W

By Nina Robertson

45°30’12.7″N 73°34’30.2″W are the geographical coordinates of a commemorative plaque erected in 1922 on the McGill Campus [Trigger and Pendergast, 1972]. The plaque reads:

Near here was the site of the fortified town of Hochlaga. Visited by Jacques Cartier in 1534. Abandoned before 1600. It contained fifty large houses. Each contained several families who subsisted by cultivation and fishing.

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Storytelling in Tóta tánon Ohkwá:ri

By Nathalie Montero Zubieta

Political, social and cultural infrastructures build and influence social interactions by the internalization of the dominant cultures’ practices (Bourdieu 1980, 88-89). This theory of practice demonstrates the reproduction and re-forming of colonization practices in Indigenous identities through the education system. In Canada, The Truth and Reconciliation Commission pinpointed the Indigenous cultural genocide occurred under the residential schools period (TRC, 2015, page 5). Read More

Indigenous Education

By Nathalie Montero Zubieta

Indigenous Knowledge is an inter-generational knowledge transmission that has been interrupted with the assimilation process of the Indian Act’s residential schools (Aquash 2013, page 29). The repercussions of this interruption is seen on Indigenous identities but it also causes a mandatory shift towards modernisation, as an opposition to tradition. Under the Indian Act, the federal government is responsible of the Indigenous education financing but was also responsible of the construction, the administration and the management of aboriginal education until the end of the 1970s (Hot 2010, 9-10). Read More

Vocational training overview

By Sara Serravalle

According to the vision of Plan Nord introduced in 2011, the government wanted to initiate a more sustainable project in order to support Quebec’s economic and social development. In order to do this, the government wanted to use the Northern territories for its rich resources. Such rich resources include forests, mining areas, fertile land and water sources to produce energy (Couillard, pp.1, 2011). Although the government saw great potential in using all of these resources, they knew they could not begin launching projects without the consent of the Aboriginal communities who inhabit these lands. Hydro-Québec was one of the companies to cooperate with Aboriginal communities, particularly the Cree. Read More

The Role of Women in Mining

By Amanda Claudia Bos

The Plan Nord 2.0 plans to create new jobs in the mining industry in the territory above the 49th parallel. Because the mining sector is predominantly a masculine environment, this brings questions about how the Plan Nord will benefit women. The Féderation Interprofessionnelle de la Santé du Quebec states that a study on mining in Labrador shows that significantly less women than men enter the mining field and therefore get lower paid occupations, while men often have stable functions Read More

Natashquan Innus and La Romaine

By Catherine Thibodeau

natashquan1Hydro-Québec’s La Romaine is a hydroelectric complex composed of four hydropower-generating stations situated north of the municipality of Havre St. Pierre on the north shore of the St Lawrence. The time span of the project is planned from 2009 to 2020. The Quebec government predicts that the project will generate $3.5 billion in revenue for Québec and $1.3 billion for the Côte-Nord region, Read More

Women & Plan Nord: For Equality in Northern Development

By Sarah Amira Aldridge

In taking an in-depth analysis into the third chapter of “Women and Plan Nord: for Equality in Northern Development” the interconnectedness between gender and culture is exposed. Specifically in sections 3.1.5-3.2.2, the lack of consultation between representatives of the Plan Nord and Indigenous women above and below the 49th parallel is evidence of the institutionalization of sexism in Canada. Read More