Cree and Naskapi Nations

By Charlène Tshibola, Danie Lavoie, Kaiza Graham, Raphaëlle Bigras-Burrogano

The Repercussions of the Plan Nord

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Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach The Naskapi flag depicts multiple symbols important to the Naskapi. The caribou is located in the west, where the caribou migrate in fall, a time of celebration for the Naskapi.

For more than a hundred years, up until 1956, the Naskapi people have to been forced to move from place to place in order to serve the economic agenda of colonizers. The discovery of the iron ore led to the forced sedentarization of the Naskapi people. In 1956, they walked 400 miles from Fort Chimo to relocate in Scheffervile, where many were told they would find housing, education, healthcare and employment (Hess, E.A. 1984). Read More

Government Action Plans

The Project of a Generation: Plan Nord 2011

by Amanda Claudia Bos & Lotte Frencken

The Plan Nord is a development strategy launched by the Government of Québec in 2011, which covers the territory north of the 49th parallel, equivalent to 72% of Québec’s area. It aims to create economic returns and increase the labour market for a population of over 120 000 people, including 40 000 Aboriginals, while respecting the communities residing this territory. Plan Nord’s purpose has been to open up “new horizons to future generations of Quebecers and [to] offer the world the example of modern, sustainable, harmonious development.” (Plan Nord 2011, 7) Read More

Naskapi Environmental Impact Assessment

By Kelly Marquis

The environmental impact assessment procedures for the Cree, Inuit and Naskapi communities stand apart from other regions of Québec, because these Aboriginal groups have specific agreements with the Québec government concerning the environment.  Several years after the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement was put forth, the Cree signed an economic and political agreement with Québec.  Read More

Forestry and the Baril-Moses Agreement

By Charlène Tshibola, Danie Lavoie, Kaiza Graham, Raphaëlle Bigras-Burrogano

baril moses2Forestry in Cree territory got to a point where massive areas where being clear-cut, leading to the displacement of wildlife and a disruption of hunting. In response, the Cree nation of Eeyou Istchee sought to come to an agreement with Quebec where the forestry industry could still exist without interfering with the Cree’s hunting, fishing and trapping practices. Read More

Cree land claims

By Charlène Tshibola, Danie Lavoie, Kaiza Graham, Raphaëlle Bigras-Burrogano

The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement

In 1975, an agreement with the Cree and Inuit nations was signed, this came to be known as the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA). The other parties who signed the agreement were the federal and provincial government, the James Bay Development Corporation, the James Bay Energy Corporation and Hydro Quebec (Government of Canada, 2010, p.2). Read More

Vocational training overview

By Sara Serravalle

According to the vision of Plan Nord introduced in 2011, the government wanted to initiate a more sustainable project in order to support Quebec’s economic and social development. In order to do this, the government wanted to use the Northern territories for its rich resources. Such rich resources include forests, mining areas, fertile land and water sources to produce energy (Couillard, pp.1, 2011). Although the government saw great potential in using all of these resources, they knew they could not begin launching projects without the consent of the Aboriginal communities who inhabit these lands. Hydro-Québec was one of the companies to cooperate with Aboriginal communities, particularly the Cree. Read More

Mining Done Well

By Nicolas Kaal

It is difficult to write in favour of a mining company such as Goldcorp which across many countries has been ethically one of the worst companies. In the case of Guatemala, the installation of the Marlin mine caused many harms and violations to several Mayan communities who were displaced by force, lost their access to water, contaminated by open pit-highly toxic processes, Read More

Step By Step Resistance

 The 850km Cree Protest March Against Uranium Mining in Quebec

By Lotte Frencken

In contemporary society, Indigenous peoples around the world are endangered by the “[d]evelopment of industrial culture and mass tourism” (Alagia, 2014). Namely, governments worldwide claim and interfere in territories for economic benefits, while these territories are populated by Indigenous peoples. Consequently, numerous indigenous peoples have lost their land, their culture, or even disappeared completely (Alagia, 2014). Read More