Innus Against the Val Jalbert Mini Power Plant

By  Alana-Kateri La Rosa Dancoste

In 2007, the Conseil des Montagnais du Lac-Saint-Jean, the Domaine-du-Roy MRC and the Maria-Chapdelaine MRC finalized a partnership agreement focused on energy development in the region. The Société de l’énergie communautaire du Lac-Saint-Jean aimed to ‘’maximize local benefit of projects that respect the values and interests of the settings in which they are established’’. Read More

Innu Nation Approche Commune

By Kelly Marquis

In Québec, the Innu mainly reside in the following nine communities: Mashteuiatsh, Essipit, Betsiamites, Uashat-Maliotenam, Mingan (Ekuanitshit), Natashquan (Nutashkuan), La Romaine (Unamen Shipu), Pakuashipi (Pakua Shipu), Matimekosh (Schefferville). “Seven are spread out along the St. Lawrence River, from Tadoussac up to the Labrador border. The other two are located respectively on the edge of Lac Saint-Jean and at the heart of the Far North, on the boundary with Labrador” (Government of Québec, 2010). The Boreal Forest is their ancestral territory, and traditionally, they were nomadic peoples living off of hunting and gathering. Today, “the Innu Nation numbers just over 16,000 people, making it the most populous Aboriginal Nation in Québec” (Government of Québec, 2010). Read More

Government Action Plans

The Project of a Generation: Plan Nord 2011

by Amanda Claudia Bos & Lotte Frencken

The Plan Nord is a development strategy launched by the Government of Québec in 2011, which covers the territory north of the 49th parallel, equivalent to 72% of Québec’s area. It aims to create economic returns and increase the labour market for a population of over 120 000 people, including 40 000 Aboriginals, while respecting the communities residing this territory. Plan Nord’s purpose has been to open up “new horizons to future generations of Quebecers and [to] offer the world the example of modern, sustainable, harmonious development.” (Plan Nord 2011, 7) Read More

Forestry and the Baril-Moses Agreement

By Charlène Tshibola, Danie Lavoie, Kaiza Graham, Raphaëlle Bigras-Burrogano

baril moses2Forestry in Cree territory got to a point where massive areas where being clear-cut, leading to the displacement of wildlife and a disruption of hunting. In response, the Cree nation of Eeyou Istchee sought to come to an agreement with Quebec where the forestry industry could still exist without interfering with the Cree’s hunting, fishing and trapping practices. Read More

Innu Protest at Salon Plan Nord

By Shiann Wahéhshon Whitebean

On April 21, 2012, a protest was held at Palais de Congrés in Montreal where the Salon du Plan Nord (Plan Nord Job Fair) took place (Montreal Gazette Videos, 2012). At this time there were daily protests against tuition hikes being held by Montreal students, and as a result there were hundreds of protestors on the premises. A bus load of Innu came from Uashat mak Mani-Utenam to protest the Charest Government’s Plan Nord and were joined by Mohawks from Kahnawá:ke Read More

Indigenous Responses to Mining and Colonialism in Schefferville

By Charles O’Connor

Premier Phillippe Couillard says, that in re-launching Plan Nord, “[n]ous le faisons dans le but d’optimiser les retombées économiques dans les communautés locales et autochtones du Nord et dans toutes les régions du Québec (Gouvernment du Quebec, 2015, III)”.  Unfortunately for the Innu, the new Plan Nord offers no promises of restoring abandoned mine sites around Schefferville, Quebec. Read More

Natashquan Innus and La Romaine

By Catherine Thibodeau

natashquan1Hydro-Québec’s La Romaine is a hydroelectric complex composed of four hydropower-generating stations situated north of the municipality of Havre St. Pierre on the north shore of the St Lawrence. The time span of the project is planned from 2009 to 2020. The Quebec government predicts that the project will generate $3.5 billion in revenue for Québec and $1.3 billion for the Côte-Nord region, Read More

The Baril Moses Agreement

By Kayza Graham

In 2002, the Baril-Moses Agreement was signed between the Quebec government and the Grand Council of Crees (GCC, 2015). The Baril-Moses Agreement was signed in response to concerns about forestry practices where the Cree have 14 traplines. A separate agreement was signed around the same time concerning forestry practices within the territory of the James Bay Northern Quebec Agreement, called the Paix des Braves Agreement. Read More