Cree and Naskapi Nations

By Charlène Tshibola, Danie Lavoie, Kaiza Graham, Raphaëlle Bigras-Burrogano

The Repercussions of the Plan Nord

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Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach The Naskapi flag depicts multiple symbols important to the Naskapi. The caribou is located in the west, where the caribou migrate in fall, a time of celebration for the Naskapi.

For more than a hundred years, up until 1956, the Naskapi people have to been forced to move from place to place in order to serve the economic agenda of colonizers. The discovery of the iron ore led to the forced sedentarization of the Naskapi people. In 1956, they walked 400 miles from Fort Chimo to relocate in Scheffervile, where many were told they would find housing, education, healthcare and employment (Hess, E.A. 1984). Read More

Government Action Plans

The Project of a Generation: Plan Nord 2011

by Amanda Claudia Bos & Lotte Frencken

The Plan Nord is a development strategy launched by the Government of Québec in 2011, which covers the territory north of the 49th parallel, equivalent to 72% of Québec’s area. It aims to create economic returns and increase the labour market for a population of over 120 000 people, including 40 000 Aboriginals, while respecting the communities residing this territory. Plan Nord’s purpose has been to open up “new horizons to future generations of Quebecers and [to] offer the world the example of modern, sustainable, harmonious development.” (Plan Nord 2011, 7) Read More

Naskapi Environmental Impact Assessment

By Kelly Marquis

The environmental impact assessment procedures for the Cree, Inuit and Naskapi communities stand apart from other regions of Québec, because these Aboriginal groups have specific agreements with the Québec government concerning the environment.  Several years after the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement was put forth, the Cree signed an economic and political agreement with Québec.  Read More